140. Cornelian Seal of Qubadh bin Khalil of the Ramadan Oghullari

Adana, Turkey, 922 ah/1516 AD
Size: 2.9 cm bezel diameter
Mounted as a ring in silver

The Ramadan Oghullari Turks were part of the Oghuz federation. They made their capital at Adana, and existed as a buffer state between the Qaramanids and the Mamluks, generally favouring the latter. The Ottoman Sultan Selim I brought them into submission in 1516 on his way to crush the Mamluks in Syria. The family remained as governors of Adana until the early 17th century.